John R. Logan
Center for Comparative Urban and Regional Research
June 18, 2003
This report is based on data
from the 1990 and 2000 Census of Population and the Census 2000 Supplemental
Survey, analyzed by Mumford Center researchers Hyoung-jin Shin
and Jacob Stowell.
The American metropolis is once again
being reshaped by immigration. The
2000 Census counted nearly 29 million immigrants living in metropolitan regions
throughout the United States, up by 10 million since 1990.
This report summarizes what has been learned up to now from Census 2000
about these American Newcomers. The
have a similar socioeconomic profile to that of persons of the same
race/ethnicity born in the U.S. Among
blacks they are doing better than natives.
Among all groups they have a lower unemployment rate.
is unevenly distributed around the country.
Just 13 metropolitan regions including New York, Los Angeles,
Chicago, and the San Francisco Bay Area house more than half the
foreign-born population; most areas still have less than 10% foreign-born.
growth in the suburbs (4.8 million increase) far surpasses growth in central
cities (3.5 million increase).
typically live in neighborhoods where about 30% of residents are immigrants
and an even higher share of neighbors speak a language other than English at
are only small differences in other characteristics of neighborhoods where
immigrants live, compared to natives of the same racial or ethnic group.
Additional information on specific
metropolitan areas can be found in webpages developed by the Mumford Center.
For data on the numbers of foreign-born persons, immigrants who arrived
in the 1990-2000 decade, and persons who speak a language other than English at
home, see the New Americans pages: http://www.s4.brown.edu/cen2000/NewAmericans/namericans.htm.
For data on immigration by race and Hispanic origin and
information about the neighborhoods where these people live, see the Separate
and Unequal pages: http://www.s4.brown.edu/cen2000/SepUneq/PublicSeparateUnequal.htm.